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Paper Setup

APA now has different title page requirements for student papers.  See Student Title Page Guide for more details.

  • The Title page does not require a running head
  • Titles of papers are now bolded, with a blank line before the author's name
  • There is no font requirement as long as the font is legible and consistent
  • The heading for the References list is now bolded

Adapted from Santa Fe College APA (7th edition) Citation Guide

In-Text Citations

APA has now simplified in-text citations with multiple authors. 8.17

  • One author: (Flygare, 2019)
  • Two authors: (Flygare & Edwards, 2019)
  • Three of more authors: (Flygare et al., 2019)

Formatting Author Names

Formatting Author Names 9.8

APA now requires listing up to 20 authors for a source on the reference list. For works with more than 20 authors, list the first 19, insert an ellipsis point, then list the last author's name: 



Do not include the publication location for books: 10.2

eBooks should be cited exactly as print books. Do not include a database. 10.2

Sacred texts should be included in the references list. The 6th edition only required an in-text citation. 9.42


Format the DOI and URLs as hyperlinks - beginning with http:// or https://. 

It is acceptable to use either the default settings for hyperlinks. Usually blue font, underlined.

If a journal does not have a DOI, do not include any DOI or URL in the reference. There is no longer the requirement to include the URL of the journal's homepage.

Omit the words 'Retrieved from' before the URL. Include the name of hte website unless it is the same as the author. Italicize the name of the webpage. 10.16

If the audience you are writing for can retrieve the source via a LMS or intranet, include these in the references list. In the 6th edition, these were considered non-retrievable sources, and were cited as personal communications. 8.8