A Magazine is a periodical that is written for the general public. Articles are written by professional writers who are not necessarily experts in the field. The vocabulary is usually understandable to most people, have nice illustrations or photographs, but little or no documentation of their sources.
An Academic Journal is something that is written for academics, researchers, or specialists in the field. The language in the articles will contain original research or information written in a more technical voice. This information is supported by footnotes or references.
In text citations change depending on the number of authors. For specific rules, refer to the In-Text citation tab for specific examples.
Flygare, J.A, & Smith, K.D. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(3), 225-229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-622.214.171.124
Journal article 1-20 authors with no doi, with a nondatabase URL
(Flygare et al., 2005)
Flygare, J.A., Smith, K.D., & Jones, D.D. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(3), 225-229. http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/hea/
Journal article with no doi from a library database
Langan, J. (1998). Perspectives on the relationship between children's artistic development and issues of learning. Visual Arts Research, 24(1), 28-37.
If an article from a database has no doi, treat is as a print source.
Journal article 21 or more authors with a doi.
(Gilbert et al., 2004)
Gilbert, D.G., Sterba, A.B., Longo, J., Edwards, C.E., Thompson, D., Earls, A.B., Palone, K., Caban, S.E., Beezley, S., Jones, B., Mahin, C.D., Tabatabai, H., Davis, K., Willard, N., Musslewhite, J., Buckley, B. B., Voyles, K.D., Smith, S., Martin, J.A.,...Smith, S. (2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention among patients in Japan. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6(2), 249-267. https://doi.org/10.1080/14622200410001676305
21 or more authors - list the first 19 authors then three elipses and the last author's name.
Magazine article from a database
Klein, S. (2017, May). 5 myths about stress. Prevention, 69(5), 38-41.
Magazine article from an online magazine
Mak, A. (2017, October 11). Facebook wants to get 1 billion people into virtual reality. Slate. http://slate.com/facebooks.2158
Nicholas, C. (2017, October 6). How smartphones hijack our minds: Research suggests that as the brain grows dependent on phone technology, the intellect weakens. The Wall Street Journal.
Webpage on a news website
Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life? Think positive. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/03/health/resprct-toward-elderly/index.html
Use this format for articles published in onlne news sources such as BBC News, CNN, Huffpost, Salon, etc.
The University of Central Oklahoma recognizes the university's main campus is located on the traditional lands of the Caddo and Wichita people. Visit the UCO Land Acknowledgement website to learn more.