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Web Sources

Access date is optional.  Include it if your source has no date.

If an article does not have an author, use an abbreviated title for the in-text citation.

The publisher or sponsoring organization can often be found in a copyright notice at the bottom of the page or on a page that give information about the site.  

Type In-Text Work Cited
Web Page With an Author (Sterba)

Sterba, Aaron. "Pet Therapy: Man's Best Friend as Healer." Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 19 Aug. 2016, Accessed 9 Nov. 2017.

You may include an access date as an optional element if it will be useful to others. This could be if the work lacks a publication date or may be altered or removed.

Web Page With Corporate Author ("Oklahoma")

Oklahoma Academic Standards." Oklahoma Department of Education, 2017, 

Note: The publisher may be omitted from the citation if the website title is essentially the same as the publisher's name.  - pg. 42 of the manual
Web Page with No Author ("Berlin Wall")

"Berlin Wall." The History Channel. A&E Television Networks, 2009, Accessed Oct. 3 2017. 

Web Page With No Date (Frisbie)

Frisbie, Chelsea. "3D Printing Vending Machines Aim to Customize Your Food." Mashable, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 

Article from a Web Magazine (Barna)

Barna, Mark. "Growing Up Neanderthal." Discover, 21 Sept. 2017, Accessed 30 March 2017. 

Type In-Text Works Cited
Streaming Video from YouTube or Another Website ("Who")

"Who is Bigfoot One?" YouTube. uploaded by KarmaloopTV, 18 June 2008, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 






Heart of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. Directed by George Hickenlooper, Paramount Home Entertainment, 2007.

If you want to emphasize specific performers of directors, you could begin the citation with that name, followed by the appropriate title.

Hickenlooper, George, director. Heart of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. Paramount Home Entertainment, 2007.

Video or Film from Library Database (Heart)

Heart of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. Directed by George Hickenlooper, Paramount Home Entertainment, 2007. Kanopy, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 

Video or Film From an Online Streaming Service  (Heart)

Heart of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. Directed by George Hickenlooper, Paramount Home Entertainment, 2007. Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 


Type In Text Works Cited
Song or Piece of Music (Duran Duran)

Duran Duran. "Girls on Film." Duran Duran, EMI, 1981.

Song or Piece of Music From a Database (Beiderbecke)

Beiderbecke, Bix. "Davenport Blues." Bix Beiderbecke and the Chicago Cornets, track 19, Fantasy Records,1991. Naxos Jazz. Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 

Song From a Streaming Service (Cave)

Cave, Nick. "Lime Tree Arbour." The Boatman's Call, Mute/Reprise, 1997. Spotify, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 

Podcast (Vogt)

Vogt, PJ. "The Case of the Phantom Caller." Reply All, episode 104, Gimlet Media, 7 Sept. 2017, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 


Type In-Text Works Cited
Blog Post (Fantegrossi)

Fantegrossi, Dina. "10 Things You May Not Know About Military Dogs." BarkPost Stories, 2015, Accessed 6 Feb. 2017. 

Message Posted to an Online Forum (Sean67)

Sean67 [Sean Hogan]. "#instruction." DistanceLibrarians, 27 July 2017, Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

Twitter (@dog_rates)

@dog_rates. "Here's a puppo [sic] who forgot he cloned himself.  Quite the surprise.  13/10 for both (IG: bosunthefrenchie)." Twitter, 8 Nov. 2017,

Write out the actual Tweet in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.When quoting the Tweet, beside grammatical and spelling errors in the original Tweet, write [sic] in square brackets to indicate the errors are not your own. 


“Describe the symbolism of the green light in the book The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald” prompt. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 8 Mar. 2023,