In various disciplines, the term "literature review" may refer to:
- Article-length studies which consist entirely of a review of academic literature on a given topic of study in a given discipline.
- One section of a scholarly article, dissertation, or even a book, in which the literature pertaining to the topic of study is reviewed.
- The practice, in whatever context, and to whatever purpose, of analytically reviewing the academic literature relevant to a topic.
In some disciplines, like the social sciences and the "hard" sciences, scholarly articles almost always have a "Literature Review" section.
In other disciplines, like the humanities, scholarly articles do not have a section so clearly demarcated; rather, they cite the literature throughout the text, so that the narrative review of scholarly literature develops in tandem with the study or thesis itself.
Nevertheless, the basic principles of how academic literature should be "reviewed" (sense #3 above) are fairly consistent. In your RCSA Student Grant Proposal, the literature review should be part of the "Project Narrative" component of your application.
See the "Completed narrative" link here for an example of a successful Project Narrative from a prior year.